top of page

Mini Pig In Depth Pet Care | Care Guide

Our mini and dwarf pigs hold a very special place in our heart and home. All pigs are very special and unique animals. If you understand their personalities, and quirks, owners bond to them, like the pigs were their own children.

Pet Mini Pig Care guide

What it's like living with a mini pig

Many owners sleep with their pigs, travel with their pigs, dress them in costumes, and share every aspect of their lives, with their companions. Piggies love to have their bellies scratched, and snuggle with their owners. Pigs are like two year old children - intelligent, curious, mischievous, and, sometimes manipulative. They are sensitive creatures that can be playful, and even humorous. They are extremely intelligent and give a lot of love and acknowledgement to their owners.

How long do Mini Pigs live

Pet Mini Pig Lifespan Pet pigs can live into their teens provided they do not get over weight this can cause health issues.

Mini Piglets sleeping on bed together
Mini Piglet litter

How big are mini pigs?

Pet mini pig Size Healthy pigs are between 40 and 80 pounds.

What do Mini Pigs eat?

Pet mini pig Diet- Our recommended mini pig diet consists of a bagged feed you can purchase at your local feed store. It is a species specific grain with added nutrients. It is a complete diet and some treats may be added

Mini Pig eating a pumpkin
Pet Mini Pig eating a pumpkin Snack

Pigs love to eat and it is very easy to over feed your pig. Dwarf pigs require specific feeding schedule based on their activity level, lifestyle and diet to keep them healthy without the extra weight. We do not condone underfeeding, starving, or any manipulation or withholding of food to keep any pig or animal "smaller".

Good treats for Pigs
  1. Fresh vegetables

  2. Fresh fruit

  3. Boiled or scrambled egg

  4. Live or dead Insects

Bad Treats for Pigs
  1. Human Food leftovers

  2. Dog food, or any other type of animal food

  3. Pork

  4. Onions, garlic, or chives

  5. Human junk food

  6. Chocolate

  7. Peanuts or legumes

What do you do with a pet mini pig?

They are very loving and show emotion more than any animal I have ever seen. I swear my sows actually cry tears during delivery! They can get their feelings hurt and can "talk back" to you. They remember things-like the VET! They like to be treated like royalty and will eat up all praise and attention you can give them. I cannot say enough good things about dwarf pigs, but I think their loyalty has to be the number one attribute that they have. Having a new piglet is similar to having a new puppy. They will be cute and playful but they MUST be trained at a young age. Do not allow your pig to jump up on people or do any other unwanted activity unless you want them to continue doing it when they are full grown.

Where do you keep a pet mini Pig?

Mini Pig Habitat: Some people keep their pig inside since they are small, clean animals and potty train very easily. Pigs are not destructive so keeping them inside will not damage any of your furniture or wires. You can also keep them outside in a fenced yard or in a wire kennel type enclosure. Pigs kept outside will need a lot more water and you will need a heat lamp in the cooler months. I recommend having an indoor / outdoor pig, this allows for more stimulation and will give your pig something to do.

What is a "mini" pig?

They are literally what it says, they are mini pigs! People call mini pigs lots of different names like micro minis, Juliana, teacup, mini pot belly. They are all the same mini pigs, "smaller than your average" pig. They are super clean and litter box train easily. They have little smell to them and keep their homes clean. They are extremely psychological pets and rely heavily on their owners for mental stimulation. This is a pet that needs your attention. Mini pigs require firm discipline from the beginning and will not be a very happy pig if they are left in a room or in a backyard all day with no interaction.

What is a "Dwarf" pig?

A dwarf pig is a mini pig with genetic dwarfism. A dwarf pig has characteristics of genetic dwarfism. This is a genetic trait(s) that can only be passed from dwarf parents. Characteristics are short stubby front legs, broad shoulders, long faces , rounded noses and most significantly; stunted growth. Dwarfism can occur in any color and seems to produce predominately males.

Some examples of Dwarfism in mini pigs

How do you know the piglet is a dwarf?

We have consulted pig geneticists and vets and they have determined that our pigs are displaying chondrodysplastic signs, although no DNA or Chromosome test exists to definitively test for the chromosome. Each piglet is evaluated at a young age and dwarfism can be determined by physical characteristics.

How does dwarfism affect the pig long term?

We have successfully been breeding them since 2010, with several complications requiring a C-section, we have several females that do not meet size requirements to be bred. There also seems to be varying degrees of dwarfism. Some piglets display very short front legs and others are taller but still have the dwarf traits. As they mature dwarf pigs do have trouble running, their front legs are very short, usually only 3-5 inches. They cannot walk extremely fast either. This doesn’t seem to affect any of our dwarves, other than they are last to the food bowls at feeding time. Dwarfs are not all the same. We have only been breeding them for a few years so our experience has shown that the males stay a bit smaller than the females, and they all tend to be shorter in height and in length compared to our regular mini pigs. In a nutshell, they are dramatically more compact in body size and structure.


As we said before, breeders use a lot of different names to describe or identify their pigs. You must remember that these names and terms mean NOTHING. Our pigs are very small compared to the usual breeds but we don't want to give any illusions as to their adult size, you are certainly not going to get a pig the size of a chihuahua or a rabbit, this is true for all breeders- there is NO SUCH PIG. Do your homework to keep pigs out of shelters and off craigslist!! No matter what size you are "guaranteed" If you are not capable of caring for a 50-100lb+ pig....DO NOT BUY A PIGLET.

Pet Mini Pigs for sale at JEAR
Pet Mini Pigs at JEAR
What are some of the pros and cons of having a pet pig?

Pigs make good companions, but only for the right caregiver. On the plus side, pigs are smart, clean, generally non-allergenic, odor-free, flea-free, charming and inexpensive to feed. Pigs are social, bonding easily with humans. They’ll readily roll over for a tummy rub, as well as snuggle with you. They don’t bark, prowl the streets or spread rabies. Compared with dog droppings, mild-smelling ”pig berries” are a breeze to clean up. While pigs are highly trainable and can learn at a faster rate than dogs, pig behavior is vastly different from dog behavior. As eager as a dog can be to please his master, a pig’s respect, trust and cooperation must be earned. If the pig had it his way, you would be pleasing him.

In nature, pigs are regarded as prey, and are therefore naturally suspicious, cautious creatures. They have to be coaxed and rewarded. You cannot force a pig to do anything he doesn’t want to do; it has to be his idea. Don’t expect your pig to eagerly greet you at the door and fetch your slippers. Having a pet pig is kind of like having a perpetual two-year old child. It is because pigs are so intelligent that they can be so stubborn, demanding and manipulative. Pigs can become easily bored, grumpy, depressed, sedentary and even destructive and aggressive, if not given adequate attention by a loving caregiver. While the daily cost of keeping a pig is relatively low, if a pig becomes ill, vet bills can be unmanageable for some people. Qualified pig vets are unavailable in some areas. You need to locate a vet that will care for pet pigs before you bring one home. Often you will find you must travel quite some distance to find quality care.

Mini Pig In Depth Pet Care | Care Guide

Pet Mini Pig FAQ's

Can you take a pet mini pig for a walk and play catch with him?

A pig can easily be trained to walk on a leash and harness and to ride in a car. Yes, you can take a pig for a walk, but unlike a dog, piggy will take his own sweet time checking out every gum-wrapper and leaf on the pavement. While you can teach a pig to retrieve an object, a pig will only cooperate if amply rewarded with treats. A pig does not retrieve for the joy of it.

Do pet mini pigs bite?

That’s like asking if dogs or cats bite. If given a reason, sure they do. While pigs are generally gentle by nature, they are also territorial and emotional. A pig can become aggressive when competing for food or attention. As with a dog, it is important to teach him good manners and let him know who is “top hog” in the family.

Are pet mini pigs affectionate?

A pig is not going to jump up and lick you in the face. Their affections are expressed more subtly, but they are very affectionate! Pigs love to be scratched, rubbed, and massaged. Most pigs don’t like to be picked up, but will gladly lie with you and enjoy a long cuddle. Pigs appreciate and seek out human company and love to play.

How long do pet mini pigs live?

With proper care, a pig can live for around 15 years. Your pig will live long if you make sure he doesn’t become overweight, and if you provide him with ample social interaction, stimulation, outdoor time and physical exercise. If your pig becomes ill, making certain he receives prompt veterinary care will also help ensure a long, healthy life.

What happens if I get a pet mini pig and later decide that I don’t want him?

Pigs become attached to their human families very quickly, and are easily depressed when separated. Do your homework first and make sure a pet pig is really right for you and every member of your family. Are you really ready to keep a pig for its lifetime?

What should I feed my pet mini pig?

Pigs thrive on a diet consisting of grain, vegetables and an occasional taste of fruit. Feeding your pig a complete mini pig feed supplemented with low-calorie fresh produce greens will keep your pig fit and trim. They need to be on a mini pig specific diet. Do not feed your pig dog chow or cat chow. The quantity of feed depends on the age, size and activity level of your pig. We recommend that you feed your pig twice daily, allow yard time for grazing and include low-fat foods such as carrots, cucumbers, celery and leafy green vegetables (collard and mustard greens, spinach, etc.). Canned veggies, corn, potatoes, dried fruit, cookies, chips and nuts, etc, can pack the pounds on piggy. Most importantly, your pig needs access to plenty of fresh water. Pigs are rooters and rummagers by nature, and therefore always act hungry. Don’t let piggy cajole you into feeding him more than he needs. The occasional special treats are okay, but avoid feeding table-scraps. Your piggy is not a garbage disposal!

Can I keep my pet mini pig inside?

While some potbellied pigs enjoy being inside the house, they also require ample outdoor time to root around, relax in the sun and engage in other piggy behavior. Pigs acquire certain critical nutrients from soil, so they must be given an opportunity to be outdoors. You can keep your pig outside during the day and allow him to sleep inside at night. While outdoors, your pig will need to be protected from the elements. Provide your pig with a properly secured yard, a house with bedding (blankets or straw will do) and with an overhead shelter (above the house) like a tarp or canopy to protect him from the sun, wind and rain. If given a choice, some pigs prefer to live outdoors, so you must be prepared to provide a proper outdoor home.

Where do pet mini pigs sleep?

Many people provide doghouses or a shed for their pigs to sleep in outdoors. Indoors they should have their own cozy bed filled with bedding; a large crate, dog igloo or a children’s play tent are all good options. Pigs living indoors need comfortable soft bedding. Dog beds and blankets work well. Outdoor houses can be packed with straw or hay. Of course, piggy will love to sleep on the bed with you. Unless you don’t mind this being an every night occurrence, don’t get him started!

Can I keep a pet mini pig in an apartment?

We recommend against keeping pet pigs in apartments, condos or rentals. Pigs need ample outdoor space, which cannot be provided in an apartment or condo. Renters are too often at the mercy of their landlord and cannot provide a stable home for a pig. Even if a landlord approves a pig as a tenant, frequently, a renter will move and be unable to find another rental that allows pigs.

How do I ‘Piggy-Proof’ my house?

As you would do for any pet, make sure that household cleaning products, insecticides, medicines, lighter fluid and other toxins are out of reach. Remove plants that could harm your pig. Take potted indoor plants off the floor and don’t leave handbags within reach. Pigs love lipstick and chewing gum! They are very cleaver with their snouts and particularly industrious when they smell food. If needed, secure your cabinets with childproof locks. Avoid feeding your pig out of the refrigerator. If your pig learns to open the fridge door, you might have to install a latch. Tape up computer, telephone and electrical wires where possible. We recommend that pigs be kept away from open swimming pools.

Will my pet mini pig need a mud wallow?

Pigs do not have sweat glands, so they will attempt to cool down by rolling in mud or water. While piggy will be delighted by a wallow, they are not necessary. Provide your pig with a plastic wading pool filled with water or even keep your pig indoors in air-conditioning on hot days. Simple, inexpensive misting systems can also be easily rigged for outdoor pigs.

Will my pet mini pig get along with my dogs and cats?

Pigs and cats frequently become fast friends and bedmates. Dogs, however, are another story. We recommend that you separate your pig from your dogs. While your small dog may eventually get along with your piggy, they must always be closely supervised. As tame as your dog may be, keep in mind that dogs are natural predators of pigs and can turn on pig even years after living together. A dog can easily kill a pig. Don’t leave your pig and dog unattended.

I would like to get a pet mini pig for my child. Is that a good idea?

That all depends on the age and maturity of the child. If you are getting a pig for a teenager, ask yourself if you are prepared to take care of the pig when your child gets busy with high school activities. Who will take care of the pig when your child leaves for college? We recommend against getting a pig for young children. A pig has a very keen sense of smell and will be attracted to food odors on a child’s hand. It is hard for some pigs to differentiate between food and fingers, unfortunately. It is dangerous to leave a young child unsupervised with a pig or any animal. Children of any age are frequently intrigued with the idea of getting a pet pig, but quickly the responsibility of daily care falls in the hands of parents.

Can a pet mini pig be housebroken?

Yes! A potbellied pig can be housebroken faster than most dogs. If you teach your pig good habits from day one, your pig will not have “accidents” in the house. You can start a piglet with a litter-box if you’d like, but then quickly teach your pig to do his business outdoors in a designated spot. Young piglets need to urinate every hour or two. Mature pigs can hold it longer.

What type of training will my pet mini pig need?

The more you interact and work with your pig the more bonded you will be to each other and the happier your pig will be. Pigs can easily learn tricks, such as sitting, turning circles, shaking hands, rolling a ball, retrieving an object, blowing a horn and even sinking a basket. It is not necessary to teach your pig tricks for the sake of tricks, but it is necessary to teach your pig good manners. Teaching your pigs simple things like ‘sit’, ‘be gentle’, ‘good spot’ (for doing your business), etc., you will develop a system of communicating with your pig. Pigs love to learn, and are capable of learning many behaviors and words, even full sentences. A training session with your pig shows him that you are interested in him and that you care. And don’t forget to pay your pig! Pigs are highly food-motivated and will do just about anything for a treat. When it comes to training a piggy, a small piece of treat works as well as a handful, if not better. Once your pig has learned a few behaviors, reward him only after he’s followed a series of directions. Reward him with a small treat and with lots of praise and enthusiasm, too! Keep the training fun and short, starting with 3 minute sessions and working up.

Should a pet mini pig be spayed or neutered?

Male pigs should be neutered as soon as possible. Boars (uncastrated pigs) give off a pungent, musky odor that will stick to your clothing and furniture. They display sexual behavior at a very early age and can become quite difficult to handle if left intact. Neutering a male will also retard the growth of his tusks.

Does my mini pig need vaccinations or de-worming?

Pigs should be de-wormed yearly, weather they come into contact with other pigs or not. All pigs should be given, at minimum, an annual dose of “Ivermectin”, an anti-parasitical agent that treats internal as well as external parasites. Some recommend quarterly doses of Ivermectin or some other de-wormer. Yearly vaccinations are also highly recommended up to at least the age of five.

What type of health problems do mini pigs have?

Given proper care, most pigs have few health problems. However, there are several serious problems that occasionally arise. Pigs can become easily constipated, leading to impacted bowels, a life-threatening condition. It is important that you provide your pigs with a high-fiber diet and plenty of fresh water. Obesity is the number one cause of health complications and death in pet pigs. Morbidly obese pigs can become blind from fatty skin folds that obstruct their vision. Obese pigs will inevitably have crippling joint problems and sometimes have respiratory problems, both conditions leading to immobility and death. Don’t let your pig get fat!

Do my mini pig’s hooves and tusks need to be trimmed?

While castrating a male pig will slow down the growth of his tusks, tusks will still have to be trimmed from time to time. Female pigs have very slow-growing tusks that rarely need to be trimmed. Both male and female pigs need to have their hooves routinely trimmed, usually once or twice a year. Prepare your pig for vet visits and trims by handling his feet and tusks.

Can I take my mini pig on vacation?

Yes, some pigs can travel well, but you have to prepare them. Practice riding in the car long before your vacation. Secure your pig inside an airline kennel and don’t let them ride loose in the car. AAA auto service and pet friendly websites have lists of pet-friendly motels.

Can I board my mini pig at a dog kennel?

Some kennels will take pigs, but most are not designed to accommodate a pig. Pigs don’t do very well if kept on cement, especially wet cement for any length of time. You are better off hiring a pet-sitter or boarding your pig.

Do mini pigs come in different colors?

Pigs come in a variety of colors including black, white, red/brown and pinto. Most pigs are black with white markings. White pigs are hardest to maintain because they sunburn easily and easily show dirt. They are also prone to drippy eyes.

Do pet mini pigs shed?

Yes and no. Pigs do not shed the way dogs shed. Most pigs will “blow” their thin coats once or twice a year. They will lose their hair in the summer months and it will reappear and be thicker by winter.

Should I get a male or female pig?

Once a male pig has been castrated and a female has been spayed, there is very little difference between the two. It is all a matter of personal preference.



Thanks for submitting!

Submit A question

bottom of page